Proposed Data Zoning Regulations
Purpose of this document
The 20'th century was marked by changes in mankind's ability to move
materials. New industries were born and new lands were opened as we
advanced from rowboats and sailing ships to steamships, locomotives and
then to cars and airplanes. The 21'st century is marked by the changes
in our ability to move data, rather than goods and people.
Our society is moving from a world where our work and home are limited
by our physical environment to one where our work and home is enhanced
by the availability of information and by our ability to acquire that
Just as the railway was essential to Dexter's growth in the 1800's and
the I-94 was essential in the 1970's, having an on-ramp to the
Information Superhighway is essential in the 21'st century.
Communication capabilities that were considered to be expensive toys for
scientists yesterday are considered essential by businessmen today. These
capabilities will be considered inadequate tomorrow. In order to
maintain a controlled growth, Dexter and the surrounding communities
must obtain and maintain a data communications infrastructure that will
attract the residents and businesses that can make the Dexter the
type of community we all wish to live in.
This document addresses the data connectivity needs of the 21'st century
homeowner and small businessman. It defines minimal levels of
access to the Information Highway, and methods for modifying those
minimum requirements as technology advances.
Just as we require zoning regulations and a zoning board and inspectors
to maintain our physical environment, we will require a set of regulations
and inspectors to maintain the data environment.
Because the data environment extends beyond any single townships
boundaries, this board will be created from representatives from the
Duties of this board may include:
- Generating and maintaining a set of data environment zoning
- Minimal Quality-Of-Service acceptable to residential areas.
- Minimal Quality-Of-Service acceptable to industrial areas.
- Minimal Quality-Of-Service acceptable to high-tech incubator areas.
- Required functionality for cable TV franchises.
- Required coverage areas for cable TV franchises.
- Acceptable locations for wireless communication towers.
- Minimal wiring for communications in new structures.
- Develop wording on how far cell towers must be from residential areas of
such-and-such a density
- Designing and maintaining a map of the wireless towers and coverage
to allow providers to find an adequate location (perhaps existing location
- Designate some distance parameters where review by adjacent municipality
might be allowed. For instance -- if you propose a cell tower in Dexter
Crossing, Scio Township might be able to veto it since it is within X feet of
the township border (but the area-wide zoning plan would deal with this).
- New regulations shall not provide a monopoly to any service
provider. We must provide for alternative providers to be allowed to
bid and provide infrastructure development (i.e., a single provider
cannot just come in and say -- we were here first and you have to let
us build right here).
- Generate and maintain simple checklists for service providers
that details the minimal Quality-Of-Service requirements.
- Generate and maintain simple checklists for contractors,
builders and architects
that describes the building code Quality-Of-Service requirements.
- Assist builders and vendors in acquiring outside funding
(Government and industry grants) to assist in complying with
the Dexter Area Quality of Service requirements.
- Approve and inspect new buildings for adherance to code.
- Develop and bestow approval ratings for contractors and
developments that meet and/or exceed the communications infrastructure
- Negotiate with service vendors, such as the Cable TV franchises,
wireless communications and land-line telephone.
- Develop taxation and fee structure for service providers.
- Currently, the service providers negotiate with townships on a one-by-one basis.
This should be centralized with a common and standard rate structure.
- Reduced rates can be declared for vendors that provide services
that meet the requirements.
- Fines can be applied to vendors that provide service that does
not meet the required Quality of service.
- Create and manage a high-technology incubator area to support and
encourage new businesses to locate in the Dexter area.
This incubator area should:
- Provide state of the art access to the data infrastructure.
- Provide a temporary home for larger corporations moving to
the Dexter area.
- Assist businesses to 'outgrow' the facilities and move to
Proposed Data-Environment Zoning Regulations
This set of regulations is suggested as a blueprint to help
develop a more comprehensive set of actual regulations.
Vendor Provided Services
Many of the communication services required by residents must be
provided by outside vendors. Currently these vendors consist of
the cable TV, land-line phone and wireless phone service providers.
In the future, these services may also include wireless data access
providers, on-demand entertainment providers, and others.
The Dexter area represents an area that can provide a large profit
to these companies, but the larger profits may require larger
investments than they would prefer to make.
It is to both our advantage and their advantage to provide a set
of minimal Quality-Of-Service benchmarks that these providers
must meet (or perhaps exceed.)
Cable TV Franchises
- All new Cable franchises or upgrades must include two-way access
suitable for use with Cable modems.
- Cable TV Frachises will be required to offer real-time access to
and from each school building to all residents within that school district.
- If cable modems are supported, cable franchisers must allow full speed access
between all schools and all residents of that school district.
If the franchise area and school district do not coincide, the TV franchise
must make arrangments with the neighboring franchises to provide that
coverage in their areas.
Land line data communication providers
Data Rate availability by geographic zoning area:
Areas zoned as follows must be able to purchase connectivity
with the following data rates at a reasonable cost. ((How to
define reasonable cost??))
|| Required Data Rate
| Hi-Tech/Light Industrial
|| 100 MB/S
|| 99% (3 outage days/year)
|| 10 MB/S
|| 95% (15 outage days/year)
|| 1 MB/S
|| 90% (30 outage days/year)
|| 85% (45 outage days/year)
Wireless Service Providers
- Require tower builders/developers to remove installations in
the case of obsolescence within a defined period of time (say, five years of
- There will be an N Foot buffer zone around each township extending
the zoning regulations regarding land use to the neighboring
township. Tower developers creating projects at a township line will
need to adhere to both sets of guidelines.
- Cell towers can not be placed in areas zoned Residential,
Rural Residential, or Recreational.
Regulations for Hi-Tech Zoning
A township may designate/zone an area for Hi-Tech Industrial use,
which may require extensive upgrades above (or before) upgrades
to other areas.
ie: Before a utility can install services to a new residential
area, they must bring the Hi-Tech area up to the current code
for that area.
By new Development:
When upgrading infrastructure
- Developers are required to put all wiring in conduits.
- Conduits must have access points every 1000 feet (?Reasonable number?)
- Each residence must be wired with two sets of cat-5 cables to each
function room (bedroom/study/den)
Conduits shall terminate in a central community owned cable
facility (perhaps adjacent to school or town hall).
- All wiring must be installed in conduit.
- Conduit must be installed whenever a cable is upgraded or
new cable is installed.
- A high-speed data conduit will connect this central cable facility
to the service providers switching facility.
- This central facility will be managed by the data-environment